Sat. Jul 31st, 2021

Avian flu, which was identified quite 100 years ago in Italy, is an communicable disease of birds, and is caused by A strains of the influenza virus. an epidemic of avian influenza has occurred in number of Asian countries in their domestic and wild bird populations.

Avian flu may be a contagion and every one birds are very vulnerable to influenza viruses. These viruses are of various subtypes and subtype H5N1 is that the one, which has emerged as a threat to bird’s population and has affected the human’s health also .

In fact, there’s no report of transmission of this disease among humans but those people is probably going to be infected who have touched or handled the infected birds directly and don’t take precautions at the time of outbreak of this disease.

Shigeru Omi, Western Pacific Regional Director of World Health Organization, recently said that “We believe that the planet is now within the gravest possible danger of a pandemic” and urged international co-ordination to fight the virus

Another official of the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization, Samuel Jutzi said that “there is an increasing risk of avian influenza spread that no poultry-keeping country can afford to ignore it”

Generally, avian influenza gets transmitted to the domesticated birds if direct contact is formed with the infected fowl or poultry, or through their saliva, nasal secretion or feces, and sharing of same water or feed that are contaminated with the virus.

When humans are infected by this virus, the visible symptoms are fever, cough, pharyngitis , muscle aches, eye infections, pneumonia, severe respiratory diseases, and other severe and life-threatening complications. But the severity of the infection will depend totally on the immunity power of an infected person.

Until now, there’s no specific drug available for the treatment of H5N1 infection in humans but the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of the U.S. have suggested that the anti-viral medication oseltamivir phosphate, with the name Tamiflu, could also be effective in treating avian influenza.

Apart from Tamiflu anti-viral medicines likeamantadine, and relenza has shown its power in preventing the spread of virus inside the body. Both drugs are approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of A influenza illness. Amantadine can prevent 61% of H5N1 cases and 25% of influenza-like illness and relenza, which is out there within the sort of inhaler and is effective if used within two days of the onset of the influenza symptom.

Avian flu is spreading worldwide due to lack of effective diagnostic tools, and therefore the closed-circuit television of the infected country. there’s an urgent got to educate general public including health officials about the healthy way of tackling such outbreaks. Workers involved in culling process must tend proper clothing and equipment to stop further spread of the disease.  Würzburg Whatsapp DP

Moreover, the necessity of an hour is to attenuate the infection rate among poultry and keeping humans freed from avian influenza. For this, constant studies are needed to form the available anti-viral medicine more targeted towards the upcoming viruses.

By admin